Since the grant procedures in different countries vary considerably and it is not clear in advance how complex certain discussions will be, it is almost impossible to give a meaningful answer to this question. The grant of a Netherlands patent need not cost anything, while discussions with the European Patent Office may require one or more visits to Munich (main seat of the European Patent Office) or Rijswijk (a branch of the European Patent Office). It is finally necessary, following granting of a European patent, to make allowance for considerable costs for (partial) translation and local registration of the granted patent. These costs vary widely and are between €200 and about €3000 per country. In a number of European countries, including the Netherlands, Britain, Germany and France, it is nowadays no longer mandatory to translate the whole text, and it is possible to suffice with translation of the claims, with lower costs as a result.